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What is Malocclusion and how can it affect my oral health?

Malocclusion of the teeth is a misalignment problem that can lead to serious oral health troubles. This condition is most often hereditary it may be caused by different factors such as:

  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Frequent use of a pacifier after the age of 3
  • Prolonged use of bottle
  • Thumb sucking in early childhood
  • Injuries that result in the misalignment of the jaw
  • Tumors in the mouth or jaw
  • Abnormally shaped or impacted teeth
  • Poor dental care that results in improperly fitting dental fillings, crowns, or braces

Malocclusion of teeth is typically detected by your dentist through routine dental exams. It will be classified in three levels:

Level one: The bite is normal, but the upper teeth slightly overlap the lower teeth.

Level two: Overbite, occurs when the upper jaw and teeth severely overlap the bottom jaw and teeth.

Level three: Known as prognathism, means that the lower jaw protrudes forward. This causes the lower teeth to overlap the upper teeth and jaw.

Depending on your type of malocclusion, your dentist may recommend various treatments, in most instances treatment involves orthodontics, including options like braces. Treatment is often in phases and sometimes requires extraction of teeth.

However, if you have this problem is very necessary to find a solution early allows for quicker results and more success. If you don’t care about this orthodontic disorder you can develop possible complications like to: tooth decay, periodontal diseases, chewing or speaking difficulty, among others.

For these reasons it is very important visit your dentist at least once a year. He will help you diagnose any upcoming occlusion problems with your teeth and other underlying habits that will interfere with a healthy smile.

If you have any oral disease, don’t delay and get in contact immediately with our dentists because there are a variety of cosmetic options available, including orthodontics, whitening and bonding.

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